So lately I have been doing some research into an attachment disorder, called the Reactive Attachment Disorder. I recently came across this whilst reading through some new psychology notes and it’s something I wanted to share with everyone as it is something that is not widely recognised!
As an AS Psychology student, for the second time, I am able to study developmental psychology, and specifically attachments within children. There are a wide range of case studies that we study which are related to attachment such as Mary Ainsworths Strange Situation and The Glasgow Babies by Schaffer and Emerson. We also closely focus upon Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment.
Attachments are strong bonds or emotional ties that are formed between two people. As I previously mentioned, we specifically focus upon attachments formed by children. Attachment develops when a child is repeatedly soothed, comforted, and cared for and the caregiver meets the child’s needs regularly. Through this, a young child learns to love and trust others, to become aware of others’ feelings and needs, to regulate his or her emotions, and to develop healthy relationships and a positive self-image. The absence of emotional warmth during the first few years of life can negatively affect a child’s entire future.
So what actually is the Reactive Attachment Disorder?
Reactive Attachment Disorder is found in children and adults who have had severe problems or disruptions in their early relationships, which means they are unable to form a strong attachment. Many have been physically or emotionally abused or neglected. Some have experienced inadequate care in an institutional setting or other out-of-home placement such as a hospital, foster care or orphanage. Others have had multiple or traumatic losses or changes in their primary caregiver. Reactive Attachment Disorder derives from this inadequate care-giving at such a young age.
Children and adults who have experienced an inadequate upbringing appear to be extremely withdrawn as well as being quite sad and irritable without any reasonable explanation. They avoid being involved in social interaction and seek no help or comfort from others.
As of yet there is not real medication to help cure this disorder. However, children who do suffer, appear to still have the ability to form new attachments as long as they are properly cared for. They may be provided with a proper foster home and proper care giving as well as given therapy and counselling.
Here is a video I found which describes RAD from suffers… Worth watching because it shouldn’t hurt to be a child…
Most of you are starting your Christmas break and I hope you all enjoy it lots! I will be posting more on attachment soon!